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Balance problems can make you feel dizzy and unsteady. You may have a very uncomfortable sensation of falling or spinning of the head while standing or moving or even when you are lying down. This spinning sensation or vertigo might be a result of some health condition which needs to be diagnosed and identified.

What is the Vestibular System?

The vestibular system in mammals is mainly responsible for maintaining the body’s balance, equilibrium and spatial orientation. Together with the cochlea, an organ responsible for hearing, the vestibular system constitutes the labyrinth of the inner ear.

That means any damages caused to the inner ear might also lead to balance problems, and not just hearing loss! In that case, vestibular testing needs to be done at the earliest to avoid complications.

Symptoms of Balance Problems

Let’s quickly have a look at the common symptoms of balance disorders -

  • Having a sensation of motion or spinning like dizziness or vertigo

  • Staggering while walking or moving unsteadily

  • Increased risks of falling or having the sensation as if you are going to fall

  • Having a sensation of lightheadedness, faintness, or floating

  • Confusion or disorientation

  • Vision changes such as blurriness

 What Causes Balance Disorders?

Although there can be so many factors affecting one’s body balance and posture, issues in the vestibular system in the inner ear is responsible for most of the balance problems. The common factors that cause balance problems include -

  • Ear infections

  • Vestibular problems

  • Head or neck injuries

  • Blood circulation problems in the inner ear

  • Tumours

  • Meniere's disease - an inner ear disease that causes episodes of vertigo or spinning

  • Low blood pressure

  • Cardiovascular diseases

  • Certain medications

  • Arthritis

  • Eye muscle imbalance

  • Migraine

  • Acoustic neuroma - a noncancerous (benign), slow-growing tumour that develops on a nerve, thus affects your hearing and balance

  • Joint or muscle problems

  • Certain neurological conditions

Why is a Vestibular Diagnostic Test Necessary?

No one can lead a normal life with balance issues or having a falling sensation every now and then. The purpose of a vestibular evaluation test is to determine the health of the vestibular part of the inner ear. One really needs to know whether the cause of vertigo is due to vestibular dysfunction.

Your Audiologist, along with other health professionals, will perform a detailed medical test and conduct a physical and neurological evaluation. To determine whether problems in the inner ear is the reason for your vertigo and other balance problems, your Audiologist would perform the following vestibular evaluation tests -

  • VNG or Video nystagmography - The VNG test is done for vestibular assessment by testing the inner ear and central motor functions. This test determines whether the cause of vertigo is due to ear problems, especially in the inner ear.

  • ECochG or ECOG or Electrocochleography - It is done to check whether the individual is suffering from Meniere’s disease. The test is performed to detect any elevation of inner ear pressure, to monitor the inner ear and the auditory nerve functioning.

  • VEMP or Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential - The VEMP test is used to determine and track the functioning of the otolithic organs - that is, the utricle and the saccule. This test is also done to diagnose other conditions associated with ear problems, such as Meniere’s disease, otosclerosis, multiple sclerosis and vestibular neuritis.

However, your Audiologist will also perform your hearing test alongside a vestibular diagnostic test in order to determine whether you have any hearing problems because balance disorders often go hand in hand with hearing loss.

Where Can I Find Vestibular Testing Near Me?

Looking for a reputed clinic for a vestibular diagnostic test near your location? Visit your nearest Hearing Plus centre. We are a professional team specialised in rehabilitative services for all your hearing and speech-related problems. We follow scientific procedures with avant-garde equipment and the latest technologies, having well-developed sound-treated labs in all our clinics. Our professionals are highly trained and qualified in providing vestibular disorder test.

Having queries or doubts? Worried about vestibular testing cost? Drop us your queries - be it about ENG test cost, VNG test cost, ECochG test price or VEMP test cost in Kolkata. In short, get every treatment of balance problems along with expert consultation from our certified Audiologists.

Join our balance problem treatment programme and stay healthy!